To many people who hear the term ‘permaculture’ for the first time, even a succinct definition needs an elaborate explanation. Because permaculture addresses a wide variety of topics, a quick ‘elevator speech’ of permaculture necessitates a slow elevator and at least 20 floors for a thorough explanation. For this reason, this essay will simplify the wide world of permaculture into easy steps for every Nebraskan’s daily life.
For the purposes of this essay, the definition of permaculture is the pursuit to feed, shelter, transport and energize your life in your community without compromising the integrity of the world’s living environment. Working with nature allows us to achieve our goals with minimal maintenance. Poorly designed landscapes, buildings and technology that attempt to counter the forces of nature add complexity to our lives and create dependence on a complex system that needs maintenance. With this definition and guiding ethic in mind, here’s a list of sequential permaculture practices that can be adopted for your own personal use.
The first step is to observe your life and land seasonally; and take notes. Notice routines, consumer trends, travel, health, fossil fuel use, plastic use, and social routines. Be real with yourself and try to face the tough work of simplifying the home, your employment life and your community so that your life is efficient, fluid and satisfying. If you are not happy with your life, permaculture will help. But you have to be honest about lifestyle changes and embrace the commitment toward improving the health of your environment.
Get to know your neighbors and your community. You are an important part of a group of people in your living environment that can make life easier for you if you only knew who they were. Like family, communities can come to the rescue when life is difficult or when there is a big community project to accomplish. You would be surprised at the amount of skilled labor and extra time your neighbors are willing to offer when you get to know them. Your neighborhood and the people around you are your greatest resource.
Identify lifestyle steps that can be simplified toward eliminating your carbon footprint. Drive less; use public transportation; ride bikes for transportation (not just recreation); install solar and geothermal energy systems; insulate roofs and north sides of houses/buildings; build homes/ structures into south-facing hill slopes for passive solar; extend roof eaves to block summer sun into south-facing windows (but allow winter sun); install small skylights half way up a vaulted ceiling for less heat loss (not at the apex); minimize north facing windows; site windbreaks to the northwest and shade trees to the southwest; use rocket stoves, masonry stoves, biomethane digesting; and overall just practice conservation to reduce both your energy use and your carbon footprint.
Reduce your daily discarded waste. Try to return everything you discard back to the earth as a composted item or as food for other animals. Discover how wastes can become resources. Learn how to repair items that can be repaired. If it cannot be repaired, can the item be altered or up-cycled to fit another function? If something like e-waste has to be discarded without much potential for upcycling, please make sure it is discarded at a professional e-waste establishment.
Grow your own food and herbs. Don’t worry about growing everything you would ever need. Focus on growing items your neighbors are not growing so you will always be valued for your contribution to the seasonal community spoils. Concentrate on growing perennial crops like tree fruits and berries as much as your annual vegetable favorites. Grow what you love and like to eat. But also branch out and explore. Put in a perennial asparagus patch for a maintenance-free early green vegetable. Erect a plastic-covered hoop house to grow lettuce and spinach all win- ter long. If you love mangoes, try growing pawpaws instead. With the assistance of a greenhouse, there is very little that cannot be grown in Nebraska. Russ Finch in Alliance, Nebraska has proven to everyone that oranges, figs and lemons can not only grow here, but they do NOT need to be sprayed with pesticides. Lastly, grow food for nature too — particularly the pollinators who help produce our human food.
Collect rainwater in tanks and within your landscapes. In contoured landscapes, slow down the movement of downhill moving water with terraces or swales. By not raking leaves or mulching plants, this helps hold the water in the soil longer with less water lost to evaporation or runoff. When collecting rainwater in tanks, please use more than one rain barrel as one 55-gallon barrel will irrigate an average-sized garden for a day or two in a drought.
Save seeds of perennial trees and plants that are successful in your area and replant them in areas that can benefit from more diversity and habitat. Guerilla gardening is a great way to beautify dilapidated areas with new foliage. Start your own hobby tree nursery.
Manicure your yard less. Instead of mowing every inch of your yard, allow some places to become natural. Let low spots overgrow and become wetlands. Don’t mow so close to the trunks of trees. Allowing habitat for nature’s creatures means they will less likely come into your home. A manicured lawn is a desert to most creatures. Do not use pesticides or herbicides. Poisons kill some parts of the food chain creating imbalances in nature, allowing the proliferation of one species to create pest problems.
Buy local. Use a local credit union. Divest from fossil-fuel backed investments. Use cash or trade whenever possible. Your dollar spent in the local economy is the most powerful dollar spent. The value of consumer interactions should benefit the local economy — not foreign banks and corporations. Donate to your local nonprofits. Help your neighbors.
Permaculture is most effectively used as a design strategy for land stewardship systems. However, it is still useful to understand all of the little mundane moments in our lives that can enhance our cohabitation with our living environment. With this short list, I invite you to permaculture your community.
MARCH/APRIL 2017 NEBRASKA REPORT (VOLUME 45, NUMBER 2)